Elephants: The Amazing Animals
Elephants are the largest land animals on earth. They have the largest brains of
any mammal. Elephants talk to each other. Researchers have discovered
more than 50 different types of calls that they use to communicate with each other.
Their trunks are strong enough to pick up trees but sensitive enough to pick up
flowers They use them as tools to sweep paths, to scratch themselves,
to swat flies, and to draw in the dir They are good swimmers and use
their trunks like snorkels. They live together in family groups. They help
each other when in trouble. They join together to care for and rescue their young.
1. What does the text tell us about?
a. amazing animal b. elephants c. researchers
2. What is the main idea of the paragraph?
a. Elephants have largest brain
b. Elephants are the largest animals
c. Elephants has 50 differents types
d. Elephants are good awimmwera
3. The elephants part of the body that is described in the text …
a. head c. tusk
b. ears d. trunks
4. Which of the following descriptions is not correct?
a. Elephants can’t take flowers.
b. They can communicate well with their babies.
c. They are cooperative among others.
5. How do they sweep paths?
a. its feet c. its trunks
b. its head d. its brain
7. “They use them …”
Them refers to …
a. elephants b. flowers c. trunks d. esearcher
8. They talk each other the other word of talk is …
a. communicate b. help c. join d. rescue
9. “… to care for and rescue their …”
The closest synonim of the word “rescue” is …
a. bring b. feed c. save d. eat
10. “Researchers have discovered more than….”
The underlined word has the same meaning as ….
a. looked for b. got c. searched d. found
Gorillas are the largest of all the primates. A male gorilla can be 180 centimeters
tall and can weigh 200 kilograms. Gorillas are very strong but they do not
often fight. In fact they are peaceful animals. Gorillas live in small family groups of
about 15. In a group there is one strong, older male, some young males, and
a few females with their babies. They move slowly around a large area of jungle
eating leaves and bushes.
In some ways gorillas are very like humans. When they are happy,
they laugh and wave their arms. When they are angry, they beat their chests.
When they are sad, they cry. But they cry quietly, without any tears.
Unfortunately, people hunt and kill gorillas. They also cut down and burn their trees.
There are now only about 10,000 gorillas left in the world.
1. How tall can gorillas be?
a. one hundred and eighteen c. eighteen hundred
b. one hundred eighty d. two hundred
2. What is thepurpose of the text above?
a. to retell about gorillas c. to entertain the gorillas
b. to explain gorillas d. to describe gorillas
3. What does paragraph 1 tell us about?
a. The size of gorillas c. The largest gorillas
b. The strenght of gorillas d. The habitat of gorillas
4. The main idea of the second paragraph is ….
a. There are only about 10,000 gorillas in the world
b. People hunt and kill gorillas
c. Gorillas are like human
d. When gorillas sad, they cry
5. How do gorillas live?
They live …
a. alone b. in group c. peacefully d. nomad
6. “They also cut down and burn …”
“They” here refers to ….
a. gorillas b. people . humans d. females
The Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is the smallest
rhino species. It is also the most distinctive rhinoceros. It has been hunted
a lot that it is almost extinct. There are less than 300 Sumatran rhinoceroses
surviving in Malaysia and Indonesia. Between 1985 and 1995, the number
of Sumatran rhinos declined by 50 percent because of poaching and habitat d
The Sumatran rhinoceros has unique grey or reddish-brown coat. It is
believed to be the only survivor of the lineage that included the woolly rhinoceros.
Sumatran rhinos stand up to 1.4 m (4.6 ft) at the shoulder and weigh
up to 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). They have folded skin, like the other Asian rhinos,
except that it is covered with coarse, bristly hair. The Sumatran is the only rhino
in Asia with two horns. The front horn is usually the longest, reaching a length
of 90 cm (36 inch), and the rear one is sometimes so small that the animal
looks as if it is single-horned.
They live mainly in forest-covered hills near water and are known to be
good at climbing slopes and swimming. They move mainly at night, and spend
most of the day wallowing in mud-holes and pools. Sumatran rhinoceroses
usually feed on leaves, twigs, and fruits.
Female rhinos reach sexual maturity at about the age of five or six.
The males mature between the ages of seven and eight. However, they
do not father calves until they have claimed a territory, which may take
them three or four years. Rhinos always have a single calf, born after a gestation
period of 15 to 18 months. The calf may feed on its mother’s milk for up to
two years, and it usually remains with its mother until she is about to give birth
once more. The calf is only raised by its mother.
1. What does the first paragraph tell us about?
a. the description of sumatran rhinos c. The number of Sumatran rhino
b. The habitat of Sumatran rhino d. The destrucyion of habitat
2. Paragraph 3 mainly tells us about …of the Sumatran rhino
a. habit b. food c.habitat d. life
3. Why is the sumatran rhinos almost extinct?
a. people lokk after them c. people feed them
b. people hunt tthem d. people save them
4. The following is true based on the text?
a. There are a large number Sumatran rhinos
b. Female rhino has folded skin
c. Sunatran rhinos only live in Indonesia
d. Sunatran rhinos live in open forest
5. How tall is the sumatran rhino?
a. 40 cm b. 140 m c. 50 sm d. 14 cm
6. “….the rear one is ….”
“one” refers to ….
a. rhino b. horn c. length d. animal
7. “... the rear one is ...”
The underlined word hs similar meaning as ... a. front b. small c. single